Brandy vs Cognac and Armagnac

source: Pixabay
Published on Oct 24, 2017

Brandy is a kind of distilled spirit made from fermented fruit juice.  The fruit is frequently grapes, however, there are various Brandies that are based on pears, apples, plums and other sweet fruits.  Since both Cognac and Armagnac being produced by refining white wine, both are considered a kind of Brandy.  In spite of the fact that Armagnac generation began around two hundred years earlier than Cognac, for some reason it never accomplished a similar level of recognition.  Cognac is more delicate and unpretentious, while Armagnac is thought to be more perplex and robust.  It’s also higher in alcohol; Cognac 40% proof verse Armagnac that is between 46 to 48% proof.

source: Pixabay

The most significant difference between Cognac and Armagnac is its origin.  Cognac is only produced in the Charente-Maritime region, south-west France.  Armagnac is from a strictly controlled the Gascony region in Gers, further south-west of Cognac region.  While Brandy is being produced basically all over the world.  Despite the fact that Italian and Spanish Brandies can be as good as Cognac, the fact that it’s not produced in the Cognac area, it’s being labeled as brandy.


One of the significant contrasts between Armagnac and Cognac is in the production.  Cognac being refined in the Alembic Charentais pot still, known for its twofold refining process.  Due to it slow distillation, the Charentais still can create a wine that has no impurities.  Whereby Armagnac refining utilizes a continuous Coffey still or single segment still.  The continuous technique of distillation used in Armagnac is a more efficient process and guarantees a richer, fruitier body than Cognac.  The other difference between Cognac and Armagnac is that Cognac is distilled twice, whereas Armagnac is distilled only once.  This adds an additional time in the oak for Armagnac.  Because of its refining method, Armagnac gets to mature much longer than Cognac 10 years and more.  This is just a tip of the iceberg!

Images on this page are courtesy of Pixabay. and BilzOr.